The juice obtained by pressing the leaves of Bryophyllum calycinum ( Crassulaceae) exhibited histamine-blocking activity. 2. The juice contains flavonoid. Bryophyllum calycinum belongs to the family crassulaceae was widely used in traditional medicine especially in the tropical areas. The plant contained alkaloids. This is a PDF-only article. The first page of the PDF of this article appears above. PreviousNext. Back to top. Table of Contents · Download PDF · Article Alerts.
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Bryophyllum pinnatumalso known as the air plantcathedral bellslife plantmiracle leafand Goethe plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascarwhich is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas. It is distinctive for the profusion of miniature plantlets that form on the margins of its phyllocladesa trait it has in clycinum with some other members of its genus.
It is a succulent, perennial plantabout 1m tall, with calycinim fleshy cylindrical stem and a reddish color for the youngest and cslycinum flowers most of the year. The “leaves” of this species are actually leaf-stem combinations called phylloclades. They are thick, fleshy, elliptical in shape, curved, with a crenate or serrated margin, often reddish. Simple at the base of the stem, the leaves are imparipinnate at the top, cm longwith pairs of fleshy limb lobes.
The leaves are remarkable for their ability to produce bulblets. At their margin, between the teeth, adventitious buds calyicnum, which in development produce roots, stems and leaves. When the seedlings formed fall to the ground, they root and quickly give new plants. This is a fairly common trait in the subgenus Bryophyllum.
The fruits are follicles mm which are found in the persistent calyx and corolla. The terminal inflorescence is a paniclewith many pendent, red-orange flowers. The calyx is formed of a long tube, red at the base, veined with yellowish green or green spotted with reddish brownwith four very small triangular lobes at the end. The tubular corollawith a pronounced constriction separating the subspherical part of the ovoid part, is terminated by four lobes which reaches 5 cm in length.
It is yellowish in color with red-purple streaks. The eight 8 stamens 4 cm long are in two whorls, welded on the corolla. The ovary has four carpelsslightly fused together in the center, with slender styles.
Bryophyllum pinnatum has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas, inhabiting warm and temperate climates from sea level to 2, meters, occupying sites on rock in tropical evergreen and deciduous forestsas well as montane forests. The writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethewho was an amateur naturalist of some repute, was “passionately fond” of this plant and liked to give the baby plantlets as gifts to friends who visited his home.
He also discussed his air plant at length in an essay titled Geschichte meiner botanischen Studien “History of my botanical studies”.
The plant Kalanchoe pinnata was harvested by Pierre Sonnerat in Isle de France Mauritius and communicated to Lamarck who described it in as the Cotyledon pinnata. Subsequently, the Paris naturalist Christiaan Hendrik Persoon reclassified it in the Kalanchoe calling it Calanchoe pinnatawith an orthographic variant. At the same time, in Londonthe botanist Richard Anthony Salisbury described the same plant from a specimen received from Bengalunder the name of Bryophyllum calycinumand at the same time created the new genus Bryophyllum.
In Maharashtra state of india it is called “Panfuti” Whoes leaves grow out from leaf. In the Philippines it is known as katakataka or kataka-taka which is an adjective meaning astonishing or remarkable. In temperate regions, Kalanchoe pinnata is grown as an indoor ornamental plant. Like most succulents, this one does not support frost. It prefers a well draining ground, which prevents its roots from rotting.
In the tropics, Kalanchoe pinnata is grown outdoors in gardens. It is in general, by escaping from the gardens that it becomes naturalized. In common with other Crassulaceae such as the genera TylecodonCotyledon and AdromischusBryophyllum pinnatum has been found to contain bufadienolide cardiac glycosides  These can cause cardiac poisoningparticularly in grazing animals.
Bryophyllum pinnatum has been recorded in Trinidad and Tobago as being used as a traditional treatment for hypertension.
In the French West IndiesKalanchoe pinnata, called zeb maltet, is used in local application against headaches. For the people of the Amazon, kalanchoe has multiple uses: Against headaches, Palikur rubs their forehead with a mixture of kalanchoe leaf juice with coconut oil. Bufadienolide compounds isolated from Bryophyllum pinnatum include bryophillin A which showed strong anti-tumor promoting activity in vitroand bersaldegeninacetate and bryophillin C which were less active.
Phytochemical studies of Kalanchoe pinnata have identified the presence of triterpenessteroidphenanthreneflavonoidflavoneschalconestaraxasterolauronesphenolic acidcaffeic acidsyringic acidmalicoxalicferulic acid and organic acid. Bufadienolides and phenanthrene are toxic compounds. Two calves fed for 48 hours with K. Red Pierrot butterfly is resting on edge of leaf. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bryophyllum pinnatum Leaf imparipinnate with five leaflets Scientific classification Kingdom: Perrier Boiteau Kalanchoe calcicola H.
Perrier Boiteau Kalanchoe floripendula Steud. Retrieved 12 January Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae.
Antihistamine activity of Bryophyllum calycinum.
Hawaii’s Most Invasive Horticultural Plants. Archived from the original on Hequet Mr Le Corre, F. Filipino Herbs Healing Wonders.
Archived from the original on October 17, Royal Society of Chemistry. Bryophyllum poisoning of cattle”. Fischer, Jenap. Retrieved from ” https: Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon Bryophy,lum.
Bryophyllum pinnatum – Wikipedia