Spratly Islands, Chinese (Pinyin) Nansha Qundao or (Wade-Giles transliteration) Nan-sha Ch’un-tao, Malay Kepulauan Spratly, Pilipino Pangkat Islang. Jul 13, Kepulauan Spratly adalah gugus kepulauan di Laut China Selatan yang dipersengketakan beberapa negara di sekitarnya. Negara-negara. KEPULAUAN SPRATLY.. 11°30′ LU dan °30′ : Laut China Selatan Koordinat: 4° LU km persegi Luas daratan: 3 km pe.
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Retrieved 25 March Japan occupied some of the islands in during World War II, and it used the islands as a submarine base for the occupation of Southeast Asia. Under President Lee Teng-huiTaiwan stated that “legally, historically, geographically, or in reality”, all of the South China Sea and Spratly islands were Taiwan’s territory and under Taiwanese sovereignty, and denounced actions undertaken there by Malaysia and the Philippines, in a statement on 13 July released by the foreign ministry of Taiwan.
Those claims have been kepulahan disputed by the Philippines and Vietnam in particular. France and the United Kingdom protested and reasserted French sovereignty claims. Retrieved 3 September Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
Heavy commercial fishing in the region incurs other problems. The remains of these organisms accumulated over time as biogenic carbonates that comprise the current day reefs, shoals and cays of the Spratly Islands.
In addition to economic incentives, the Spratlys sit astride major maritime trade routes to Northeast Asia, giving them added significance as positions from which to monitor maritime activity in the South China Sea and to potentially base and project military force from.
South China Sea, Spratlys Issue
Archived from the original on 25 March Kapuluan ng Kalayaan Vietnamese: The Vietnamese broke Champa’s power in an invasion of Champa inand then finally conquered the last remnants of the Cham people in an invasion in Vietnam was to be temporarily divided along the 17th Parallel. Troops from Taiwan remained on Itu Aba.
If completed as envisioned in the CGI designs, China will have its first airstrip in the Spratly islands — and a base from which to impose its interpretation of the surrounding features’ sovereignty’. Tomas Cloma, director of the Maritime Institute of the Philippines, claimed sovereignty over the northwestern two-thirds of the Spratly Islands, naming his territory Kalaya’an “Freedomland”.
France administered the area as part of Cochinchina. A Cham named Katip Suma who received Islamic education in Kelantan declared a Jihad against the Vietnamese, and fighting continued until the Vietnamese crushed the remnants of the resistance in The Philippines contend their claim was Res nullius as there was no effective sovereignty over the islands until the s when France and then Japan acquired the islands.
The Spratlys are one of the major archipelagos in the South China Sea which complicate governance and economics in this part of Southeast Asia due to their location in strategic shipping lanes.
Manila Livewire Digital Media Group. InBrunei established an exclusive fishing zone encompassing Louisa Reef in the southeastern Spratly Islands.
Retrieved 21 March The United States, which has been the dominant presence in the Pacific region for most of the period since the early 20th century, has not recognized the claims of any country on the Spratlys, insisting instead that the Spratlys are in international waters.
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China has asserted that its claim to the Spratlys dates back centuries.
Atlas of the Spratly islands – Wikimedia Commons
List of islands of Hainan. An early European map, A correct chart of the China Seas of by William Herbert, left the Spratly Islands region known then as the Dangerous Ground as largely blank, indicating that region has yet to be properly surveyed, although sprwtly islands and shoals at its western edge were marked one appears at the same place as Thitu Island.
List of maritime features in the Spratly Islands. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Init was reported that the former Malaysian Prime Minister now the current Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad soratly Malaysia could profit from China’s economic growth through co-operation with China,  and said that China “was not a threat to anyone and was not worried about aggression from China”, as well accusing the United States of provoking China and trying to turn China’s neighbours against China.
The Philippine claim to Kalayaan on a geographical basis can be summarised using the assertion that Kalayaan is distinct from other island groups in the South China Sea, because of the size of the biggest kepulauna in the Kalayaan group.
Some islands may contain fresh groundwater fed by rain. Retrieved 12 May Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Retrieved 17 May Retrieved 17 March Japan National Diet Library. These horsts are part of a series of parallel and en echelon, half-grabens and rotated fault-blocks. Click here to sign up.